Every year we plan to visit our doctor for an annual health check-up, during which they ask us how we’ve been feeling, perform a quick physical examination, and occasionally request blood tests.
The doctor could rattle off the names of a few lab tests, like a CMP or CBC, that he/she is ordering, but very seldom does anyone clarify what these tests are specifically looking for. You have your blood drawn, receive a call a few days later saying that everything is “normal,” and don’t give it much thought until the following year. The majority of folks (especially women) should think about receiving the following medical exams every year.
Complete Blood Count (CBC)
A complete blood count (CBC), is frequently included as part of a yearly checkup. Your blood’s varied components, such as white blood cells, red blood cells, haemoglobin, platelets, and hematocrit, are all measured.
Anaemia, which is frequent in menstrual women, is found by a CBC test, which also serves as a medical test for immune system problems and other diseases, including blood cancers, which can occur in young folks. Therefore, if you receive a weird CBC result, you should be given a more complete evaluation by your doctor. It’s a particularly good basic test for this reason. All adults can opt for this test.
Hemoglobin A1C (HbA1C)
A fasting blood glucose test, often included in a CMP, isn’t always the best predictor of blood sugar dysregulation, as was previously indicated. An hba1c test, in the opinion of most doctors, is one of the greatest ways to detect blood sugar abnormalities, prediabetes and insulin resistance before they become significant health problems1 (HbA1C). The proportion of red blood cells that are saturated with glucose is determined by an HbA1c test. The estimated average blood glucose increases as your A1C rises.
It is commonly accepted that your HbA1c number corresponds to your average blood glucose for the past 2-3 months, and not just one day. A high HbA1C indicator may raise your risk of diabetes, cancer, and Alzheimer’s disease, making the test a potentially accurate predictor of a general lifespan.
These days, doctors are ordering a sophisticated lipid panel test, such as the one that breaks down the size of lipoprotein (cholesterol particle size). According to research, examining the number of individual particles rather than just focusing on total or LDL cholesterol is a better way to determine your risk. In essence, the particles should be large and buoyant rather than heavy and small because the latter tend to stick to the artery walls more readily, raising your risk of stroke and heart attack.
One in ten women has a thyroid disease, and roughly 60% of individuals with the ailment are ignorant of their state, which makes them unable to manage their condition. As a hidden cause of infertility issues and miscarriages, hypothyroidism (or low thyroid function), particularly the common autoimmune variant known as Hashimoto’s thyroiditis, is overlooked.
For this reason, almost every doctor will suggest some type of thyroid testing (at the very least, a TSH test), and that women who were experiencing unexplained weight loss or gain, cold intolerance, chronic fatigue, hair loss, constipation, forgetfulness, or depression, in general, should undergo a more thorough thyroid panel. TSH, free T3, free T4, reverse T3, and two forms of thyroid antibody levels known as anti-thyroglobulin and anti-TPO are the five tests that generally would like to perform.
Majority of people tend to suffer from vitamin D deficiency 3, which is why most doctors include this test as a part of their routine series of exams. It might happen for a variety of reasons. Geographically, most of us don’t receive enough sun exposure throughout the year; some people have genetic conditions that prevent them from synthesising vitamin D from the sun.
As far as vitamin D levels are concerned, remember that a normal vitamin D test result, [30 to 80 ng/mL], doesn’t essentially signify optimal. Ideally, it should be around 50 ng/mL. You must take supplements if the count is below that.